Research, prevention, and treatment of non-communicable diseases
Chronic diseases caused by lifestyle and environmental factors are the leading causes of death and healthcare costs worldwide. The economic burden of choosing a bad lifestyle is overwhelming and can no longer be ignored. Most chronic diseases are preventable. In order to address the causes of these diseases and prevent them effectively, it is necessary to focus on lifestyle medicine. The scope of lifestyle medicine includes research, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of dysfunctions (lifestyle-related diseases, LRDs) caused by non-physiological lifestyles and disease-causing environments that promote such lifestyles.
The ultimate purpose and primary focus of lifestyle medicine is to promote a healthier life by leveraging a beneficial environment and choosing a healthier lifestyle. Treatments for lifestyle-related diseases include nutrition, exercise, psychological, social, economic, and environmental interventions. Therefore, education, training and communication of lifestyle medicine need to be carried out for professionals and the public. At the same time, we must avoid falling into the trap of “blame the victims”, that is, individuals who have lifestyles affected by conditions beyond their control.
Definition of lifestyle medicine
Based on the existing definitions, the American College of Lifestyle Medicine (ACLM), Australian Lifestyle Medicine Association (ALMA) and European Lifestyle Medicine Organization (ELMO) have defined the following for Lifestyle Medicine (LM):
Lifestyle Medicine is a branch of Evidence-Based Medicine that actively responds to chronic diseases through comprehensive lifestyle changes (including nutrition, physical activity, stress management, social support, and environmental exposure). Underlying causes to prevent, treat and reverse the development of chronic diseases. The intervention methods of lifestyle medicine include health risk assessment and examination, health behavior change consultation, and clinical application of lifestyle improvement measures. Lifestyle medicine is often combined with medication and other forms of treatment.
Lifestyle medicine is an interdisciplinary field that spans internal medicine, social psychology and neuroscience, public and environmental health, and biology. Important principles of lifestyle medicine include prevention strategies that involve lifestyle habits, underlying biological causes (and more related causes, such as urban design solutions; they can increase the socialization of cities and communities and promote people’s health Lifestyle) and common pathophysiology of some lifestyle-related diseases such as low-level systemic inflammation, dysregulated stress axis, metabolic dysfunction, etc. Therefore, lifestyle medicine is a supplementary form of treatment that helps to bring the best advantages of public health and traditional clinical medicine together.
What is lifestyle cancer
More than 80% of cancers are caused by improper environment and lifestyle and avoid bad habits. Through physical exercise, healthy eating, drinking control, avoiding excessive ultraviolet radiation, quitting smoking, etc., cancer can be prevented.
But do you know the words “cancer comes from the mouth” and “lifestyle cancer”?
With the improvement of living standards, changes in lifestyles, and social transformation, human beings have gradually got rid of malnutrition and infectious diseases, and a large number of chronic non-infectious diseases have appeared in front of human beings. Cancer is one of them. Human unhealthy lifestyles, including clothing, food, shelter and transportation, can cause cancer. Studies show that more than 80% of cancers are caused by improper environment and lifestyle, and avoid bad habits. Through physical exercise, healthy eating, controlling alcohol consumption, avoiding excessive ultraviolet radiation, and quitting smoking, cancer can be prevented.
The haze that has been hotly debated by people recently is carcinogenic. In fact, it has not been confirmed by medicine at present. It can only be said that there may be a correlation. It is true that the incidence of lung cancer in China has increased by more than 300% in the past decade, but the main reason is not air pollution. The opposite evidence is that India and China, the developing polluters, have never ranked in the top ten for cancer incidence. So what has been confirmed by medicine, what are the factors related to cancer? —— bad living habits!
In the first place is smoking, which harms human health and has a very close relationship with cancer. The World Health Organization announced that in developed countries, one-quarter of cancers are caused by smoking; 90% of smokers who die within the age of 65 die from lung cancer. Obesity, our dietary habits, and lifestyles are constantly changing, eating meat no longer has the general ritual sense of Chinese New Year, the Chinese obese population has exploded, and the number of cancer patients due to obesity is increasing around us. Obesity will increase the levels of various hormones in the body. Cancer provides a hotbed. Sweet drinks increase the risk of obesity, which increases the risk of cancer.
There is also a diet. According to an epidemiological survey in areas with high incidence of esophageal cancer in China, a large proportion of esophageal cancer patients prefer hot drinks, hard food, and fast food. Many patients with digestive system cancers, especially those with esophageal and gastric cancers, have one thing in common. They like to eat very hot food, and they want to eat something just out of the pot at every meal. Red and processed meats increase the risk of colon cancer. Go out to drive, go up and down to take the elevator, go to work to the office. Long periods of inactivity also endanger our health. Studies have found that regular exercise reduces the risk of bowel, breast, lung and endometrial cancer.
Finally, don’t forget that bad mood changes can also be a “catalyst” for cancer. Some scholars collected data from the past 50 years and found that depression, anxiety, disappointment, and sadness are often preludes to cancer. Such emotions can usually cause disease for as long as 1 to 2 years. The 500 cancer patients surveyed by American experts all have a significant history of trauma. It is now known through research that long-term mental and emotional malaise, which can cause endocrine imbalances and lymphatic system dysfunctions, are the causes of the decline in immune function. It shows that the immune system affects the development of cancer.
When the porter moved the above-mentioned information from professional data, in order to tell everyone, don’t blame the haze when you get cancer, don’t ignore the bad habits and other carcinogenic factors because of the haze. For our health, we start from little by little. Healthy and healthy New Year, year after year, otherwise it is possible that after this year, I do not know if the next year will be spent at the dining table or on the hospital bed. (Li Yan)